Overweight and Obesity in Malaysia

2 Dec

BY YONG ZHAO XIN

MALAYSIA – Have you noticed that when you are in a public area, you see at least one person who is either overweight or obese? Overweight and obesity is becoming more serious nowadays among Malaysians regardless of gender, age and race.

A new trend

The National Health and Morbidity Survey 1996 reported that among adult males, 15.1% were overweight and 2.9% obese. Report also shows that obese Malays and Indians are more compared to Chinese.

In addition, Minister of Health Department, Datuk Seri Dr. Chua Soi Lek announced a research last year, which results show 17 overweight people in every 100. Research has also proven than female adult are more prone to be overweight compared to male. Regardless, if this problem is taken lightly, it will cause the increase of diseases.

Related Diseases

1. Stroke

A person who is overweight or obese has high potential in getting a stroke. Excess fats stored under the epidermis can block the blood from flowing, causing the stopping of blood flow to the brain. Brain cells begin to die and this is when stroke happens.

There are 2 main types of stroke:

  • Ischemic stroke – caused by a blockage that blocks a blood vessel in the brain
  • Hemorrhagic stroke – caused by a blood vessel breaking and bleeding inside the brain

Overweight or obese people are prone to contract Ischemic stroke. Biologically, the fats in our body are transformed into fatty deposits in blood vessels. These deposits are also known as plaques. Plaques block the blood vessel partially and this forms a blood clot. The blood clots can further block the artery which will delay or even hinder the blood from flowing back to the brain. This is when stroke happens. A person who suffers from stroke has difficulties in speech, as well as the difficulty in controlling some body parts.

2. High blood pressure

Being overweight and obese also induces an extremely high secretion of insulin to decrease the excessive sugar in blood.

This causes the thickening of vessels which increases the blood pressure. As a result, we see an increase in the cardiac output, generating a rise in the blood pressure.

3. Diabetes

There are 2 types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes – results in the body’s inability to produce insulin. Type 1 patients require insulin injections.
  • Type 2 diabetes – the body cells fail to use the insulin properly

A person who is overweight or obese faces a high possibility of contracting Type 2 diabetes. This disease requires constant medication. An obese person induces high insulin secretion, causing failure of body cells using the insulin properly. As a result, high insulin level in blood causes Type 2 diabetes.

Suggestions on preventing diseases

  • Keep your diet balanced
  • Exercise more
  • Avoid unhealthy lifestyle
  • Quit smoking and drinking
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